Tuesday, 20 November 2007

Verbs of Motion

Part of this week's homework for Russian Writing Skills was to revise 'The Verbs of Motion'. Now I hate revision so I thought that I'd try and make it fun for myself by mentally considering it as 'blogging' rather than revising. Below you will now find a crash course in 'The Verbs of Motion' complete with examples.

Unprefixed verbs of Motion:

The are four types:
1. Unidirectional imperfectives
2. Unidirectional perfectives
3. Multi directional imperfectives
4. Multi directional perfectives

There are fourteen main verbs. They are listed in the forms as above.

1. To go/walk- Идти Пойдти - Ходить Походить
2. To travel/ride- Ехать Поехать - Ездить Поездить
3. To run- Бежать Побежать - Бегать Побегать
4. To fly- Лететь Полететь - Летать Полетать
5. To swim/float- Плыть Поплыть - Плавать Поплавть
6. To carry- Нести Понести - Носить Поносить
7. To lead- Вести Повести - Водить Поводить
8. To convey/transport- Везти Повезти - Возить Повозить
9. To climb- Лезть Полезть - Лазить Полазить
10. To crawl- Ползти Пополти - Ползать Поплзать
11. To drag- Тащить Потащить - Таскать Потаскать
12. To chase/drive- Гнать Погнать - Гонять Погонять
13. To roll- Катить Покатить - Катать Покатать
14. To wander- Брести Побрести - Бродить Побродить

Unidirectional verbs of motion:
-Denote movement in ONE direction and on ONE occasion
-Сan also mean ONE direction on repeated occasions
EG Он несёт книгу в библиотеку - He carried the book to the library
Я скоро поеду в Москву - I will soon go to Moscow

Multi directional verbs of motion:
-Motion in general
-Various directions
-Habitual actions
-General questions
-Single journey THERE and BACK
EG Я хорошо бегаю- I run well
Он носит ребёнка по комнате- He carried the child around the room
Она часто летает в Париж- She often flies to Paris
Ты ходила в школу сегодня?- Did you go to school today?
Вчера она возила детей в кино- Tonight she toke the children to the cinema

By adding different prefixes to the verb listed above you can create new verbs and add new meaning to them. Each prefix has a preposition that then follows the verb and affects the noun following it.

В- In(to) followed by В/На/К
Вс/вз - Up followed by На
Вы- Out of followed by Из/С/От/На
До- Up to/As far as followed by До
За- Calling in/Behind followed by В/К/За
Об- Round followed by Вокруг
От- Away from followed by К/От
Пере- Across followed by Через
Под- Towards/ Approaching followed by К/Под
При- Arrival followed by В/На/К/Мимо
Про- Past/Through followed by Мимо/Через
С- Off/Down from followed by С
У- Away followed by Из/С

Some of the verbs' stems change when you prefix them:
Ходить - (О)ЙТИ
ЕЗЖАТЬ - Ехать
ЛЕЗАТЬ - Лезть
БРЕДАТЬ - Брести

So there we go that is a very basic run through of the 'Verbs of Motion' Next post will be of more general interest, Promise!


Damon Lord said...

Most people would have got scared by that post. It only makes me want to learn Russian, however. It's about time I learned a Slavic language beyond a few words of Czech and Sorbian (Pivo prosim, etc.)

Damon Lord said...

P.S.: I've added a link to you, but wasn't sure whether to add you under "Political People" or under "Linguistics", so "Political People" it is for now, unless you suggest otherwise.